A beautiful and aesthetic terrace, which will not only become an additional place to spend time outdoors, but also perfectly decorate the facade of the building, significantly improving its aesthetic value, is a dream of many people. Contrary to appearances, laying terrace boards is not such a difficult task as it might seem at first glance. If you want to get down to the task, you should first of all start working with inspection of the boards. While familiarizing yourself with their technical description, as well as the visual condition.
Each board has individual features, in addition, depending on their origin, there may be different colors of the wood, and even the size of the rings. Any kind of damage should be eliminated immediately, so as not to install this type of board, which will become a weak link. Purchased decking boards for laying should be stored in a sealed package, they must not lie loose, because when they draw moisture from the air, they could lose their properties.
Which decking boards to choose
Before it comes to assembly, one very important point remains. Which boards to choose for your terrace. On the market square you can find terrace boards of domestic origin from conifers, as well as those made of exotic trees. The former is characterized by high resistance to weather conditions and damage, while the latter has an interesting and original natural color. Among the many types of wood you can meet, among others, terrace boards are made of:
- bangkirai wood – with a hard surface, having high resistance to mechanical effects. They are perfect for building terraces near water reservoirs.
- ipe wood – this type of decking is made of wood from Amazon. It has an intense chestnut natural color.
- Tatajuba wood – it has a beautiful and subtle twist of wood fibers, which makes it an unusual decoration
- merbau wood – extremely hard material and resistant to mechanical effects. It has a beautiful orange color.
- spruce wood – terrace boards made of this wood have a light color, they are naturally resistant to the harmful effects of weather conditions.
- larch wood – which has a beautiful color and is hard
- Siberian larch wood – it is one of the most popular types of materials for terrace boards, it is characterized by extraordinary durability, as well as hardness and resistance to damage.
Terrace boards – how to lay and prepare the substrate
Terraces made from terrace boards is performed on a previously prepared substrate. The substrate should be made in full accordance with the construction practice and applicable regulations. Terrace boards can be laid on several types of soil. Native soil, which should be supplemented with concrete blocks to support the boards. Paving stones, constituting a stable base for a terrace board. The concrete slab is immediately ready for laying the terrace board, without any additional steps. Before laying the terrace board, make sure that the substrate is hard, stable and smooth. You should also not forget about the slope of the substrate, which will allow water drainage between the joists, which should be protected against water. In the case of laying terrace boards directly on the ground, the top layer of earth should be removed,
In which direction should the terrace boards be installed
Moving on to the proper installation of terrace boards , the user has to choose the direction of the terrace boards. There are several variants. The first is to lay the terrace boards perpendicular to the entrance door, the second is to lay the terrace boards parallel to the entrance door, and the last is to lay the terrace boards diagonally, at an angle. However, the first two methods are the most popular. By installing terrace boards perpendicular to the entrance door, you can get an optically elongated surface of the terrace. In addition, with this method, it is very easy to eliminate all kinds of wood deformation, as well as possible shortcomings and unevenness. On the other hand, arranging terrace boards in a parallel manner allows you to visually expand the terrace space. However, regardless of the chosen method of laying, it is important to remember about accuracy during assembly. The terrace boards should be laid with a minimum distance of 5 millimeters, because when the weather changes, the wood will work and change its volume. He fastens them with screws or specialized clips on the joists.
After installing the terrace, you should also remember about constant care so that the terrace boards can enjoy their impeccable appearance for a long time. Remember to regularly remove sand, mud and leaves from it. It is also worth remembering to remove all kinds of dirt, such as cut grass or leaves from the surface around the terrace, and in winter, regularly remove snow from the surface of the terrace itself and its perimeter, so that the boards will not degrade too quickly.