Not everyone can boast of flawless feet without corns, warts, nail fungus. Someone in the summer heat must hide problems under covered shoes. Podiatrists deal with the aesthetic beauty of feet. Podiatry is a specialization at the interface between cosmetology and medicine, and a specialist must not only restore beauty, but also recommend consulting specialists. If he concludes that the problem requires medical intervention from related fields (dermatologist, surgeon, diabetologist), he recommends contacting them and monitoring the course of treatment.
- Congenital pathology of the structure of the nail or its acquired deformation
- Corns, calluses, plantar warts
- Nail psoriasis
- Nail fungus
- Ingrown nail
- Diabetic foot or other disorders resulting from certain diseases
- Formation of heel spurs
- Thickening of the skin on the leg of various etiologies
- Damaged nail plate, etc.
All these problems not only spoil the aesthetic appearance of the foot, but also require medical intervention. The podiatrist will tell you about all the complexities of foot care, recommend the best measures in a given case and help eliminate the side effects of some serious diseases. You can get advice from this specialist on the elimination of excessive foot sweating. It is also recommended to consult a podiatrist if pain in the foot area is often felt. The cause of this phenomenon must be identified in order not to lead to serious consequences in the future.
Podiatry is a branch of medicine that deals with comprehensive foot care. It exists to minimize the likelihood of developing various diseases. Specialists in this field develop methods of preventing pathological changes and foot diseases. If they already exist, but in its infancy, podiatry will help to avoid serious consequences, eliminate discomfort and significantly improve the condition of the feet.
Podiatry is considered a pioneering science between several medical disciplines and deals with complete foot care. Before starting the examination, the podiatrist will wash the foot with a disinfectant. Sometimes the problem can be resolved right away. For example, when it comes to warts or calluses. But often the help of other doctors is needed. For example, prints may indicate that the patient has transverse or longitudinal flat feet. In this case, treatment with an orthopedic surgeon or traumatologist will be necessary, since only mechanical removal of the corns will cope with this problem. Cracks in the foot can also accompany a disease such as diabetes.
Podology is a branch of practical medicine focused on solving problems related to deformations and diseases of the nail plate, foot diseases. If the nail is damaged by a fungus, the podiatrist collects the materials and returns to the laboratory, determines the type of fungus. And then he works with a dermatologist: polishes the nail plate, thanks to which the antifungal drug effectively affects the pathogen. Often, foot problems and uneven nails can indicate digestive problems. Then it is impossible to do without the help of a gastroenterologist. In this case, the task of the podiatrist is to give the nails an aesthetic appearance. For this purpose, therapeutic gels are used. What methods does podiatry have in its arsenal?
Podiatry allows you to take care of your feet, which is why a specialist performs various treatments within them. Warts are removed with liquid nitrogen, calluses are removed with medical tools. The podiatrist’s arsenal also includes hygiene and preventive procedures. Medical pedicure has many advantages over classic pedicure. It does not require soaking in warm water, the skin softens thanks to the use of special agents. The podiatry specialist does not use cutting tools, which eliminates the possibility of injury. It uses a cutter that allows you to control the depth of removal of the layer of dead skin down to tenths of a millimeter. In addition, such a pedicure is necessary for a diabetic foot when classic pedicure is contraindicated.
The problem of ingrown nails can be solved easily and painlessly by fixing special plates. The plate is installed on the nail and, trying to take the previous shape, pulls the edges of the nail plate until it begins to align and ceases to put pressure on the periungual shaft. A common problem in podiatry is onycholysis. It is a void of the nail bed caused by trauma, squeezing narrow or uncomfortable shoes or high-heeled shoes, clipping the nails too short, circulatory problems, psoriasis and other problems. In this case, the nail becomes weak and can be affected by fungal infection. To preserve the nail plate, it is important to recognize the problem in time and determine the causes of exfoliation.
The fungus damages the nail plate, but podiatry has methods to fight it. The specialist performs nail plate prosthetics, restoring its aesthetic appearance. Durable nails are no longer a problem. With the help of a special medical gel, the podiatrist will help to align the nail plate.